Check for 6 warning signs of oral cancer.

Check for 6 warning signs of oral cancer.

Oral cancer is another life-threatening disease. And there are risk factors from sedentary lifestyle behaviors for certain groups of people. Which is more often found in men than women. and is found more often in people aged 40 years and over

Cancer that occurs on the lips It usually occurs on the lower lip. Oral organs ufabet can develop cancer anywhere, such as the tongue, cheeks, lips, gums, roof of the mouth, uvula, tonsils.

Currently, oral cancer is a disease found in the top 10 most common cancers in Thailand. Most of the cells are Squamous Cell Carcinoma , which is highly aggressive. and causing a death rate of more than 50 percent 

Oral cancer is

oral cancer It is a cancer that occurs and develops in any part of the mouth. Cancer cells can occur on the lips, tongue, gums, cheeks, and roof of the mouth in rare cases. Cancer cells can also develop in the tonsils at the back of the mouth. These are the glands that produce saliva, including the throat area that connects the mouth to the windpipe or pharynx. One of the cancers of the head and neck system. Treatment formay be similar to treatment for other types of cancer. In this same group

Symptoms of oral cancer

If the patient finds that there are white or red patches in the mouth, cheeks or tongue that have been around for a long time. It may be a sign of the early stage Therefore, if you experience such symptoms Patients should immediately investigate the cause of their symptoms. However, other symptoms That may be found in patients with oral cancer include: 

  • red-white lesions or white mixed with red in the mouth
  • It’s like a chronic hot wound that lasts longer than 2-3 weeks.
  • There may be a swollen lump.
  • There may be numbness, pain, or bleeding in the mouth for no apparent reason.
  • Difficulty swallowing and chewing food Can hardly speak or open mouth, voice changes, pain in the ears.
  • rapid weight loss

Causes of oral cancer

Occurs from abnormalities in the development of cells in the oral cavity that cause mutations at the genetic level. Which generally starts from normal squamous cells that are found in abundance in the mouth and lips. Eventually becomes squamous cell cancer (Squamous Cell Carcinomas). The mutation of the cells causes this cancer cell to continue to grow. Eventually, cancer cells in the mouth may become malignant and spread to other parts, such as the head or neck, although it is not clear what causes these cell mutations. But it has been found that there are some factors that can cause a risk of increasing the chance of developing oral cancer as follows:

  • Smoking causes a 6 times higher risk of cancer cells than non-smokers.
  • Consumption of tobacco through chewing, inhaling, or dipping may cause the development of cancer cells in the gums, cheeks, or lips 50 times more likely.
  • There is a family history of members who have had cancer before.
  • Drinking too much alcohol It was found that people who drink are 6 times more likely to get cancer than people who don’t drink alcohol. 
  • Getting too much sunlight Especially in childhood
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus) is the same type of infection that causes cervical and penile cancer. There are many different types of HPV. The type that causes most head and neck cancer is HPV 16. HPV can be transmitted through contact between wounds and infected areas. as well as sexual intercourse including oral, vaginal, and anal sex

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